Addition Strategies for First Graders

First grade is the year that students are developing their foundational mathematical skills. It is critical that when learning how to add numbers, our students are learning and understanding HOW to use a math algorithm to find an answer and also able to explain WHY they are doing so. When I teach my students addition, they have a solid understanding of numbers and place value first. Then I introduce different addition strategies. After some practice with these strategies, the focus can shift to memorization of facts. This, of course, comes later.

First grade is the year that students are developing their foundational mathematical skills.  It is critical that when learning how to add numbers, our students are learning and understanding HOW to use a math algorithm to find an answer and also able to explain WHY they are doing so.  When I teach my students addition, they have a solid understanding of numbers and place value first.  Then I introduce different addition strategies.  After some practice with these strategies, the focus can shift to memorization of facts.  This, of course, comes later.

Some strategies that I like to use when teaching addition are:

(these are all covered in the First Grade Addition Interactive Notebook)
1.  Zero Facts
2.  Turn-Around Facts
3.  Counting On
4.  Doubles Facts
5.  Using Fingers
6.  Using Manipulatives
7.  Near Doubles
8.  Make a Ten
9.  Part Part Whole
10.  Combining Numbers
11.  Tally Marks
12.  Ten Frames
13.  Fingers

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Another important component to teaching any new unit in math is to teach the vocabulary words that go with the concept.  This particular interactive math notebook activity includes 10 vocabulary words with definitions.  You could have your students glue their definitions under the vocabulary word or write the definition themselves.

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This First Grade Addition Strategies Notebook includes all of the strategies you read from above along with activities for practice of these addition strategies.  I believe most first graders benefit from using manipulatives when learning a math skill so these interactive notebook activities were designed to accompany some of the most basic math manipulatives such as dice, counters, dominoes, etc.

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My favorite part about this First Grade Addition Strategies Notebook is the word problem story mats.  Word problems seem to always be a trickier concept for students to master so I knew that I wanted to find a way for students to practice this skill in a practical way.  That’s when these word problem story mats came to life!

 

Word Problem Story Mats are great for teaching students how to solve story problems in an engaging and developmentally appropriate way!

I love that there are pictures provided for each story or I can use any math manipulative that I have laying around my classroom.  These word problem story mats can also be easily differentiated.  For the struggling student, I would use these as a part of their math center.  I would provide the story prompt and a limited number of counters.  I can also see this being used with at grade level students by having them work with a partner to determine a story, place counters on the story mat, and write the addition sentence to go with the word problem.  For the advanced first graders, I would provide the story mats and an increased number of counters.  Then they would work independently or with a partner to write a word problem of their own along with the addition sentence to go with the word problem.  The First Grade Addition Notebook includes 5 different stories with counters.

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Feel free to use the image below to save this post to your Pinterest board.  Happy Teaching!  🙂

Great addition strategies to help your first graders learn their addition math facts. This addition strategies notebook includes games, activities, centers, and worksheets to use during independent, partner, small group, or whole group math time.

If you’d like to try out some free interactive math activities in your classroom, you can grab a 35 page freebie by signing up below.  Enjoy!

 

3 Comments

  1. Lillian

    I like this!!!! This is a great idea that uses information needed in math class. The creative way you made a math journal is amazing. The colors you chose really enhanced the visual aspect of the work.

    Reply
  2. Shweta

    Hi my name is shweta . I m from India. My son is in grade 1 . I liked your book of grade1 addition notebook ideas.
    Where can I get this book in india? It is not available on Amazon India.

    Reply
    • Angie Olson

      Hi there. If you click on the links within this post it will take you to a website called Teachers Pay Teachers. These activities are a digital download for you to print and use at home. You will be able to access them from where you live. Hope that helps!

      Reply

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Welcome, I’m Angie!

Hello there! I’m Angie Olson- a teacher, curriculum developer, educational blogger and owner of Lucky Little Learners.

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